Tess of the D’Urbervilles

A few weeks ago, I had the sudden urge to read Thomas Hardy‘s Tess of the D’Urbervilles. I’ve heard of it before but had no idea what it was about.  The only other Thomas Hardy novel I’ve read is Far From the Madding Crowd, so when, for reasons unknown, I suddenly wanted to read Tess of the D’Urbervilles, I thought, well, why not…what’s the harm in it?

Wow…what did I get myself into!?!  Anyone who has read Tess will know what I’m talking about and those who haven’t….well, I don’t know if I really want to tell you, lest I influence you to read it!

A rather long, oftentimes meandering novel, Tess covers a wide range of themes, such as philosophy, religion, and ancestry, but most important, it criticizes people’s contemporary and hypocritical views on love, morality, and sexuality at the time it was written.  In essence, and without giving too much away, the story is about the eponymous Tess Durbeyfield, whose young life changes forever because of a meddling parson who puts it to the mind of her haggler father that though now impoverished, he comes from an ancient line of knights and nobles called the D’Urbervilles. Despite being told by the parson to John Durbeyfield in passing, the idea occupies him and his wife entirely, and in hearing of an old Lady D’Urberville living in a nearby town, they decide to send their eldest daughter, Tess, to introduce herself as poor relations in hopes of getting some kind of employment, or better still, marriage.  Tess’ troubles start when she visits her would-be relations and meets the persistent and morally questionable heir, Alec D’Urberville.  From the get go, it seems like Alec is a no good, lazy freeloader with no honorable intentions toward Tess, who, being beautiful and naive, is offered a job at the estate as manager of the poultry farm.  Despite her protestations, Tess goes to live at Alec’s estate where she experiences, at his hand, her first terrible downfall.

After a short stint at their estate, Tess leaves the D’Urbervilles, tarnished and disillusioned, swearing off men and vowing never to marry again. Despite having suffered so much at such a young age, cruel Fate was only just beginning with her. Her tragic experience led to another tragic outcome, which only served to transform her from a young carefree maiden to a melancholy, hardened woman.

After returning from the D’Urberville estate and suffering from a series of very unfortunate events, Tess spends a few years hiding in her parents’ house, hardly daring to leave the premises lest people see her and guess her condition. Finally, decides that her best recourse will be to find a job as a milkmaid at a distant farm where no one would recognize her.  She vowed to work hard only at the farm, to earn money for her family, and to try to forget her past.  Unfortunately, her resolve wanes when she meets Angel Clare, the farm’s intelligent, handsome, gentleman apprentice, who was learning about farming methods with the aim of starting his own someday.  Angel Clare comes from a family of ministers educated at Cambridge, and though he is as accomplished and refined as his brothers (maybe even more so in some respects), his unorthodox beliefs on morality, faith, and religion have led him to a life far removed from the church.  Despite his family’s protestations, he chose a practical, applied form of occupation.  Tess, being superior in beauty and intellect, albeit with a country intellect, compared with the other milkmaids at the farm, attracts the interest of the gentle, handsome young man, who soon finds himself falling in love with her.

Angel woos Tess despite her repeated refusal of him, mainly on account of her sordid past, and readers are given a ray of hope that this charming, intelligent, unconventional young man will finally love her and give her the life she deserves.  Alas, it is not meant to be, and surprising as it may sound, Tess’ relationship with Angel suffers once she tells him the truth.

At this point, nothing goes right in Tess’ life, and things go from bad to worse, with no hope of happiness in sight for the poor girl.  More bad things happen to her, at which point, readers might wonder why Thomas Hardy hates Tess so much as to make her suffer so undeservingly.  Perhaps Hardy based Tess’ character on a maiden who had spurned him in real life, and this fiction was his way of getting his revenge.

Readers will feel a range of emotions while reading Tess of the D’Urberville.  They may feel angry and indignant at Tess’ family for their narrow mindedness and ambitions or at Alec D’Urberville for his despicable personality and persistence.  They might also feel sorry for Tess while being really anger at her for her naïveté, extreme self-sacrifice, and unconditional love and devotion to Angel Clare.  Then, of course, there is Angel himself, who readers will love and adore one minute but later hate with a fury.

Tess of the D’Urbervilles is a gut-wrenching, heart-breaking novel that will depress readers long after finishing it.  The injustice that Tess suffers at the hands of men, not just from the one she despises but also from the one she loves, is extremely infuriating, especially since, being from the 1800s, she was incapable of changing her fate despite her desire to escape it.

I have never been so angry with a writer before Hardy for his treatment of Tess. It seems so unjust, so uncalled for, so undeserving of a pure, innocent, unassuming young woman.  Why, Hardy, why!?!?  It’s so unfair! I protest on behalf of Tess! I hated Tess of the D’Urbervilles, but I loved it too!  It’s a very moving, tragic tale, and you’ll be hard pressed to find a more tragic figure in literature so undeserving of her unhappiness and fate. 


Tess of the D’Urbervilles (1891) – Thomas Hardy

Barnes and Noble Classics; 465 pages (tpb)

Personal rating:  4/5

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